By Kevin F. McMurray
On a foggy July night in 1956, the Italian cruise liner Andrea Doria, certain for brand new York, used to be struck broadside by way of one other vessel. In 11 hours, she could sink approximately 250 ft to the murky Atlantic Ocean flooring. due to a bold rescue operation, simply fifty one of greater than 1,700 humans died within the tragedy. however the Andrea Doria continues to be taking lives.
Considered the Mt. Everest of diving, the Andrea Doria is the last word deepwater smash problem. through the years, a small yet fanatical crew of maximum scuba divers have investigated the Andrea Doria, pushing themselves to the very limits of human persistence to discover her -- and never all have lower back. Diver Kevin McMurray takes you inside of this elite membership with a troublesome, sincere examine those that pass deeper, farther, and in the direction of the sting than others might ever dream.
Deep Descent is the riveting precise tale of the human spirit overcoming human frailty and of fearsome, mortal dangers traded for a hard-core adrenaline rush. Chronicling those adventures in his page-turning narrative and in dozens of dramatic images, McMurray attracts us deeper into the chilly middle of the unforgiving sea, giving us a robust imaginative and prescient of a spot to which few will ever have the talents -- or the braveness -- to head.
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Additional info for Deep Descent: Adventure and Death Diving the Andrea Doria
The Stockholm was once now plying one of many busiest sea-lanes on the earth. After a couple of minutes, with quite a few blips on his radar display, he switched it again to the fifteen-mile variety. He checked the helmsman’s gyrocompass, then again his gaze to the featureless sea in entrance of him, considering once they might anticipate the curtain of fog to fall on them. Captain Nordenson once more left the bridge, yet no longer ahead of telling Carstens that the captain used to be to be notified as soon as the lightship was once sighted. Carstens took a studying of the ship’s place by means of useless reckoning. Ascertaining the location of the send through lifeless reckoning used to be a fairly actual and customary navigational perform aboard ships on the time—loran was once nonetheless new and never completely depended on and GPS (global positioning method) remarkable. In lifeless reckoning, the current place was firm by way of the space traveled on the subject of the final recognized place. Carstens calculated that the Stockholm used to be over miles north in their wanted place, due, doubtless, to tidal glide. The Stockholm used to be now in a deep fog financial institution. At 10:04 P. M. Carstens compensated for the go with the flow north via altering the direction to eighty-nine levels, turning the send in impression extra to the south, or to the fitting. by means of this time Peder Larsen had exchanged his lookout publish for Bjorkman’s put up on the wheel. This used to be the younger Larsen’s first voyage aboard the Stockholm. At 10:30 P. M. after a place selection from the lightship’s radio beacon, Carstens adjusted the ship’s direction to ninety-one levels because he inspiration the Stockholm will be forthcoming the lightship in the two-mile safeguard diversity. With virtually 0 visibility, the radar, foghorn, and navigational lighting fixtures must compensate. Glancing at his radar scope, nonetheless set on the fifteen-mile diversity, Carstens spotted a blip at the monitor. Aboard the Andrea Doria, Captain Calamai nonetheless paced his bridge. The heavy cloud of water debris clinging to the ocean’s floor had compelled Captain Calamai to reserve his lookout down from the mast’s crow’s nest to the bowsprit so he may have a greater view of what lay forward. The fog whistle used to be set to increase its caution each hundred seconds. From a keep an eye on panel at the bridge, all 11 watertight booths have been close. the rate of the send used to be bogged down to twenty-one knots from twenty-three knots, no longer sufficient of a discount to fulfill the laws for fighting Collisions at Sea, an across the world famous contract. The rules have been a little bit nebulous concerning the relief of velocity on the grounds that they just said that the send may still sluggish to a “reasonable pace. ” the final rule of thumb was once a boat may still gradual to a pace the place it may possibly cease inside part the space of its visibility. yet visibility used to be nearly nil, which intended if the guideline used to be to be to the letter, the Doria must had come to a whole cease. That, after all, used to be unthinkable. The Andrea Doria used to be already a projected hour at the back of its nine A. M. scheduled arrival. The minimum aid of velocity, however, was once a compromise of security that may later hang-out Captain Calamai.