Download E-books How to Lie with Maps (2nd Edition) PDF

By Mark Monmonier

Originally released to broad acclaim, this vigorous, cleverly illustrated essay at the use and abuse of maps teaches us tips to evaluation maps seriously and promotes a fit skepticism approximately those easy-to-manipulate versions of truth. Monmonier exhibits that, regardless of their great price, maps lie. in truth, they must.

The moment version is up-to-date with the addition of 2 new chapters, 10 colour plates, and a brand new foreword by means of popular geographer H. J. de Blij. One new bankruptcy examines the position of nationwide curiosity and cultural values in nationwide mapping businesses, together with the USA Geological Survey, whereas the opposite explores the hot breed of multimedia, computer-based maps.

To convey how maps distort, Monmonier introduces uncomplicated rules of mapmaking, supplies interesting examples of the misuse of maps in occasions from zoning disputes to census studies, and covers all of the ordinary different types of distortions from planned oversimplifications to the deceptive use of color.

"Professor Monmonier himself is aware find out how to achieve our awareness; it isn't in truth the lies in maps yet their fact, if constantly approximate and incomplete, that he desires us to appreciate and use, even to attract for ourselves at the facile display. His is an crafty and humorous e-book, which like all sturdy map, packs lots in little space."—Scientific American

"A valuable advisor to a topic most folks most likely take an excessive amount of with no consideration. It exhibits how map makers translate summary info into attention-grabbing cartograms, as they're referred to as. It combats cartographic illiteracy. It fights cartophobia. it may possibly even train you in finding your method. For that on my own, it kind of feels worthwhile."—Christopher Lehmann-Haupt, The big apple Times

". . . witty exam of ways and why maps lie. [The e-book] conveys an incredible message approximately how records of any type will be manipulated. however it additionally communicates a lot of the problem, aesthetic attraction, and sheer enjoyable of maps. Even those that hated geography in grammar tuition may well good discover a new enthusiasm for the topic after interpreting Monmonier's vigorous and magnificent book."—Wilson Library Bulletin

"A interpreting of this publication will depart you far better defended opposed to reasonable atlases, shoddy journalism, unscrupulous advertisers, predatory special-interest teams, and others who may possibly use or abuse maps at your expense."—John Van Pelt, Christian technology Monitor

"Monmonier meets his target admirably. . . . [His] e-book could be wear each map user's 'must learn' record. it's informative and readable . . . a tremendous leap forward in assisting us to appreciate how maps can deceive their readers."—Jeffrey S. Murray, Canadian Geographic

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Due to tough terrain, swamps, park or woodland land, and undeveloped federal land, huge elements of the quarter are uninhabited. Of the six huge villages, with four hundred or extra families, have twoTV families at the common, have one-TV families, and have video-free families. even if determine nine. five comprises parts of either the top-to-bottom town-level development in determine nine. 1 and the left-to-right county-unit development in determine nine. 2, its development of tv possession is extra just like the reduce correct of determine nine. three, the place county limitations segregate 3 huge inhabitants clusters from the stability of the sector. but even the following the variations are notable, back demonstrating how the configuration of areal devices can cover attention-grabbing spatial aspect and current a biased view of a variable's geography. Aggregation's results turn into much more critical if the careless analyst or naive reader leaps from a trend in keeping with Chapter 9 / 128 D. f~ ~ooo ~Ll'o o~ o ~o 00 AA o o~ :1. zero zero zero 0000 00 . 000 Ao ~ t 000 o zero zero '" zero -0 o o zero ~ o zero zero families o 10 000 A .. 000 o A zero '" o 00o 000 zero °ooA ",0 o 00 zero o zero zero 00 zero zero zero ~I~U~ ~II~ ~n~ •• •• zero A J:. o o~t Ocfb o - 000 t ••• 1:1 o zero a hundred 500 Televisions in step with loved ones ~ o zero 111 • 2 determine nine five. distinct map of tv possession for villages and rural families illustrates one attainable spatial constitution which can yield the town-unit and county-unit maps in figures nine. 1 and nine 2 areal devices to conclusions in line with person families. give some thought to, for example, the big village towards the reduce righthand nook of determine nine. five. the common television-ownership price the following of two. zero don't need to suggest that every of the village's 1,700 homes has TVs. a few families may have none whereas others have 3 or 4 or 5. One or citizens may possibly also be compulsive creditors, in order that greater than part the houses have one or none. If families amassing outdated tv units turns out farfetched, ponder normal family source of revenue, an index used often through social scientists and advertising analysts. due to one or cutting edge, unscrupulously manipulative, or in a different way winning citizens, a small village may need an immense suggest family source of revenue. extra a statistical quirk than a pragmatic mirrored image of total neighborhood prosperity, this excessive typical source of revenue could masks the employment of so much villagers as loved ones servants, gardeners, or safety guards. simply because nondisclosure ideas limit a extra distinct book of person earning, aggregated census information are the main sophisticated details on hand. they supply a regular for where yet say little approximately person citizens. Are areally aggregated facts undesirable? absolutely no longer. in lots of circumstances, really in public coverage research, cities and counties are the really appropriate devices for which kingdom and federal governments allocate cash and degree functionality. or even extra hugely aggregated info could be important, for example, while governors and senators are looking to examine their states Data Maps /129 with the opposite forty-nine.

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