By Peter Ward Fay
This booklet tells the interesting tale of the warfare among England and China that brought Hong Kong to the English, compelled the imperial chinese language govt so as to add 4 ports to Canton as areas during which foreigners may perhaps reside and alternate, and rendered irreversible the method that for nearly a century thereafter exceptional western family members with this zone of the globe—the strategy that's loosely termed the "opening of China."
Originally released by means of UNC Press in 1975, Peter Ward Fay's research was once the 1st to regard widely the opium exchange from the purpose of creation in India to the purpose of intake in China and the 1st to provide either Protestant and Catholic missionaries their due; it is still the main entire account of the 1st Opium warfare via western eyes. In a brand new preface, Fay displays at the dating among the occasions defined within the ebook and Hong Kong's newer historical past.
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Extra info for Opium War, 1840-1842: Barbarians in the Celestial Empire in the Early Part of the Nineteenth Century and the War by Which They Forced Her Gates
Eader/nlreader. dll@bookid=41281&filename=page_xxxi. html [9/13/2007 2:46:28 PM] Document web page 1 half ONE THE outdated CHINA alternate file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Owner/My%20Docume... ary. com/nlreader. dll@bookid=41281&filename=page_01. html [9/13/2007 3:14:46 PM] Document web page three 1 Papaver Somniferum at the banks of the Ganges far east of Benares, within the so much wretched and missed a part of the north Indian kingdom of Uttar Pradesh, lies the little city of Ghazipur. it's not a lot of a spot. In April and should, whilst the thermometer stands at good over 100 within the coloration and negative dry storms force the dirt so excessive into the air you could glance the sunlight complete within the face with no flinching, it's difficult to visualize someone doing something at Ghazipur store look ahead to the rains of the summer time monsoon to comb up from the Bay of Bengal. yet in reality there's job the following even at the moment of the 12 months. For Ghazipur is without doubt one of the few locations on the earth the place opium continues to be brazenly and legitimately ready for marketplace. And it truly is in the course of those quite making an attempt months that the uncooked drug is available in from the villages. it truly is introduced on to the govt of India Opium and Alkaloid Works, a set of brick constructions scattered approximately ten or twenty acres at the north financial institution of the river. A excessive brick wall damaged by way of watchtowers surrounds the world. There are guards at the towers; while you're rash sufficient to technique alongside the river financial institution (the channel some time past shifted leaving 1 / 4 of a mile of blinding white sand among the financial institution and the water), an officer will look and lead you firmly round to the most gate. There you'll be requested what you are promoting and maybe relieved of your digicam, for the govt. of India doesn't welcome travelers to its Ghazipur manufacturing facility. notwithstanding Benares is simply a couple of dozen miles away, the literature approximately that recognized urban doesn't point out where. it can be that New Delhi isn't really apprehensive to have its opium actions made a lot of, fullyyt good and aboveboard even though they're. it can be, too, that it doesn't care to have its manufacturing facility cased. A dacoity there could fetch a king's ransom in opium. Opium is acquired by way of amassing the latex that exudes from the partly ripe seed pill of papaver somniferum, the opium poppy. should you slit file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Owner/My%20Docume... ary. com/nlreader. dll@bookid=41281&filename=page_03. html [9/13/2007 3:15:08 PM] Document web page four a tablet simply after the petals have fallen yet prior to it really is totally ripe, a thick milky-white juice will ooze from the lower and harden upon the outside right into a darkish brown gum. This gum is uncooked opium. it truly is secreted by means of the outside of the tablet; it doesn't come from the seeds themselves, that may be used rather accurately for different issues. There are fields of the poppy correct in Ghazipur District. yet many of the opium obtained at Ghazipur, the single significant opium manufacturing unit left in India, comes from far away elements of Uttar Pradesh and from the neighboring states of Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.