Download E-books Snow from Broken Eyes: Cocaine in the Lives and Works of Three Expressionist Poets (Australisch-Neuseeländische Studien zur deutschen Sprache und ... Studies in German Language and Literature) PDF

The highpoint of German Expressionism within the moment decade of the 20th century coincided with a quick raise within the availability of cocaine because the drug was once stockpiled for clinical reasons via armies combating the 1st global conflict. Snow from damaged Eyes investigates the consequences of this historic intersection for the lives and works of 3 poets linked to Expressionism: Gottfried Benn, Walter Rheiner and Georg Trakl. All 3 are identified to have used the drug throughout the warfare, even if less than very varied situations, and the cocaine references contained of their works are both various. those diversity from demonstrative declarations of drug use (Benn), through agonized textual re-enactments of the addict’s humiliation and affliction (Rheiner), to the mixing of drug symbolism into an unique, deeply resonant poetic code (Trakl). during this research, the findings coming up from shut readings of key works by way of Benn, Rheiner and Trakl are contextualized in relation either to the longstanding old organization among psychoactive components and innovative literature, and to the novel suggestions in literary variety that characterised the early 20th century.

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The time of Novalis (see three. 1) a loaded be aware in literary contexts and tough to dissociate from the opiate medications. now not that Benn is in any respect attracted to any such dissociation; to the contrary, in ‘Der Geburtstag’ the poppy’s literary background is underlined within the description of the flower as ‘groß und sagenhaft’ (GW 5:1232). Bendix has famous that one other of Benn’s favorite flora, die Anemone, phonetically encloses the note Mohn (41). One could equally argue that his daphnes, violets, crocuses and narcissi can be linked to the poppy by way of universal semantic classification, and so make stronger an identical motif. That for Benn the observe Blume in itself connotes intoxication is so much strongly implied by means of a press release from his essay ‘Das moderne Ich,’ written quite a few years later in 1920: ‘es sind Felder über der Erde, die tragen nichts als Blumen des Rauschs’ (GW 3:584). the concept the recurrent poppy and extra ordinarily floral references of the Rönne cycle allude to opiate medicinal drugs is supported by means of their proximity to photographs of languor, drowsiness and sleep, one other of the leitmotifs in those tales. For an instance of this moment trend, we would ponder the next sentence from ‘Die Insel,’ which additionally includes the most powerful trace of the full cycle that Rönne could certainly be a drug person: ‘Plötzlich fühlte er sich tief ermüdet und ein reward in seinen Gliedern’(GW 5:1218). To reconnect with the floral development, Rönne instantly ways a window to appear out over his backyard and its ‘white blossom. ’ within the Pameelen performs the most important drug is cocaine, that is supplemented through one other stimulant: caffeine. The position of the drug is perceptible not just at the events on which cocaine is called at once, but additionally within the extra a variety of indirect references to it. those contain sniffing, sore throats and – much less obliquely – snuffboxes containing ‘kleine flimmernde Kristalle’ (GW 6:1531). one other recurrent snapshot that may be associated with this trend is that of Firnenschnee, on condition that the observe Schnee is often used to indicate cocaine in its crystallized shape (see 1. 1). within the play Der Vermessungsdirigent it turns into transparent that this be aware has very assorted symbolic overtones for Pameelen (see four. 2), and so it is going to definitely be incorrect to interpret it completely as a metaphor for the drug. even as it'd be both wrong to ignore this as considered one of its enciphered connotations just because it has others that one of many texts does extra to intensify. As Pameelen is at pains to provide an explanation for in Karandasch, such semantic pressure, which he sees as a distinguishing trait of the bourgeois mentality, degrades the richness and expressiveness of language and wishes to be combatted. it's hence valid to work out exchanges akin to the 119 following as in step with the ‘cocaine flavour’ of the Pameelen performs not just due to their euphoric tone and staccato rhythm, but additionally due to their extra particular symbolic implications: Pameelen: Ein Widerstand!! Sternheim: Ideenkampf.

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