The single one-volume account of the early peoples of latest York country.
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Extra resources for The Archaeology of New York State
The Frost Island advanced can have a nonetheless unrecognized advanced in big apple, and a truly poorly outlined one in Pennsylvania, containing the Perkiomen wide element (this page), or the 2 complexes can have been partially coeval. so far, the Perkiomen element (Ritchie, 1961, pp. 42-43) is represented usually via scattered specimens, most likely relating to the steatite potsherds chanced on on a few of the similar floor websites, and through an supplying of such issues with a cremation at the Piffard web site (this page). The Frost Island section turns out to have expired with out transparent survivals. a few nonetheless unclassified projectile issues from critical manhattan recommend vestigial remnants of the broad-bladed Susquehanna kinds. Vinette 1 pottery, the 1st areal creation of which turns out to were into the Frost Island assemblage (Plate fifty one, Figures 1-4), elevated in frequency within the succeeding Early forest level, represented within the related sector through the Meadowood tradition (this page). because the oldest carbon-14 date for the Meadowood section is 998 B. C. ±170 years (C-192), derived from the Oberlander No. 2 website on which, and the similar Vinette web site, numerous steatite potsherds and Susquehanna vast issues have been discovered (Ritchie, 1944, pp. 156, 162, 164), there could have happened a moderate overlapping of those cultures, with the ultimate submergence of the Frost Island section in critical manhattan occurring at approximately this time. THE ORIENT section the 1st came upon web site of this tradition, Orient No. 1, was once a cemetery located on a sand hill as regards to Orient, close to the northeastern finish of manhattan. within the similar yr (1935), and purely an 8th of a mile away, a moment hilltop burial flooring, Orient No. 2, was once chanced on by way of a similar excavators, Roy Latham of Orient, and fellow participants of the manhattan bankruptcy, manhattan country Archeological organization. years later, this team positioned and dug a nonetheless higher burial web site of an analogous remarkable sort, at the summit of Sugar Loaf Hill, within the Shinnecock Hills, at the southern fork of jap new york, and in 1940 they started paintings on the fourth website of this type, equally positioned on a hilltop at Jamesport, approximately twenty miles west of the unique discovery. A 5th cemetery of unknown measurement, yet it seems that a lot the smallest of all, used to be destroyed in bulldozing operations on a hill close to Cutchogue (Figure five, websites quantity 28-31, 34) in 1959, and partially might be past, and investigations made there in the summertime of 1961 through the hot York nation Museum and technology provider are defined under. the knowledge for an Orient concentration have been summarized via the author following his exam of the new york Chapter’s unearths, in the course of the courtesy of Roy Latham and Charles F. Goddard (Ritchie, 1944, pp. 227-35), and the chance was once urged, end result of the absence of well-known habitation websites and thanks to trait linkages in southern New England, that the Indians accountable for the Orient cemeteries may need resided in Connecticut, and in simple terms visited japanese manhattan through canoe passage throughout big apple Sound “for the aim of doing away with their lifeless in a classy funeral ritual” (ibid.