By Jean-Paul Sartre
During this publication the eminent French thinker seeks to enhance a brand new concept and approach to mental interpretation. Delving into the secret of the emotional technique, he analyzes the jobs that worry, lust, depression, and suffering play.
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Extra resources for The Emotions: Outline Of A Theory
The habit of the topic is, in itself, what it really is ( if we name "in itself" what it really is for itself ) , however it is feasible to decipher it by way of applicable tech niques as a written language is deciphered. in brief, the unsleeping truth is to the item signified as something, the influence of a undeniable occasion, is to that occasion, for instance, because the strains of a fireplace lit at the moun tain are to the humans who lit the hearth. Human presences are usually not inside the ashes which stay. they're hooked up with them via a bond of causality ; the bond is exterior, the re mains of the fireplace are passive on the subject of this causal courting as is each impact relating to its reason. A awareness which has now not got the mandatory technical wisdom will be not able to understand those lines as symptoms. even as, those lines are what they're, that's, they exist in themselves outdoors of any signifying interpretation ; they're half-calcinated items of wooden ; that's all. might we admit truth of realization can be like a specific thing on the subject of its signification, that's, could obtain it from with no like an exterior caliber -as it really is an exterior caliber for the burnt wooden to h. ave been burned via males who desired to hot f forty five f THE feelings O U T L I N E O J! ' A conception themselves ? it kind of feels, firstly, that the 1st results of such an interpretation is to set up con sciousness as a specific thing relating to the article signi fied ; it really is to confess that recognition is proven as a signification with no being aware of the sig nification which it establishes. there's a flagrant contradiction the following, except one doesn't think of recognition as an life like a stone or a cart. yet to that end it is vital to give up solely the Cartesian cogito and make of attention a secondary and passive phenomenon. Insofar as con sciousness makes itself, it truly is by no means whatever yet what it seems that to be. as a result, if it possesses a signification it may comprise it in itself as a struc ture of awareness. this doesn't in any respect suggest that this signification needs to be completely particular. Many levels of condensation and readability are attainable. It capability merely that we should always now not study wide awake ness from with no as one examines the strains of the hearth or the encampment, yet from inside, that one should still locate signification in it. If the cogito is to be attainable, attention is itself the very fact, the signifi cation, and the article signified. as a matter of fact that what makes an exhaustive refu tation of psychoanalysis tricky is that the psycho . , forty six . , 'l' H E P S Y C H O A N A L Y 'l' I C T H E O R Y an alyst doesn't think of s ign ific a tion as being con ferred upon cognizance from with out. For him there's consistently an inner a nal ogy among th e awake truth and the need which it expresses, si nce the wakeful truth symbolizes with the com plex that is expressed. And for the psychoanalyst thi s personality of image is evide ntl y no longer exterior to the actual fact of awareness i tsel f; it really is constitutive.