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A Handbook of Test Construction: Introduction to by Paul Kline

By Paul Kline

Psychological exams supply trustworthy and goal criteria through which participants could be evaluated in schooling and employment. for this reason exact decisions needs to depend upon the reliability and caliber of the checks themselves. initially released in 1986, this guide by means of an across the world stated professional supplied an introductory and entire remedy of the enterprise of making strong tests.

Paul Kline indicates tips on how to build a attempt after which to envision that it truly is operating good. protecting so much forms of checks, together with laptop awarded assessments of the time, Rasch scaling and adapted checking out, this identify deals: a transparent creation to this advanced box; a thesaurus of professional phrases; a proof of the target of reliability; step by step suggestions throughout the statistical methods; an outline of the ideas utilized in developing and standardizing assessments; guidance with examples for writing the attempt goods; desktop courses for plenty of of the techniques.

Although the pc checking out will necessarily have moved on, scholars on classes in occupational, academic and medical psychology, in addition to in mental trying out itself, may nonetheless locate this a beneficial resource of knowledge, information and transparent explanation.

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In fact, three important topics are covered: the relation of test length to reliability, the reliability of any sample of items and the estimation of true scores from obtained or fallible scores. Reliability and test length It should be clear that reliability increases with test length. Since true scores are defined as the scores on the universe or population of items, it must be the case that the longer the test, the higher the correlation with the true score, the extreme example being the hypothetical case where the test consists of all items in the universe except one.

G. fluid intelligence, extraversion, mechanical interests), each individual has a true score. Any score on a test for an individual on any occasion differs from his true score on account of random error. If we were to test an individual on many occasions, a distribution of scores would be obtained around his true score. The mean of this distribution, which is assumed to be normal, approximates the true score. The standard error of measurement The true score is the basis of the standard error of measurement.

Guilford, 1956; Nunnally, 1978). g. Cattell and Kline, 1977). Cattell argues that high internal consistency is actually antithetical to validity on the grounds that any item must cover less ground or be narrower than the criterion we are trying to measure. Thus, if all items are highly consistent, they are also highly correlated, and hence a reliable test will only measure a narrow variable of little variance. As support for this argument it must be noted (1) that it is true that Cronbach’s alpha increases with the item intercorrelations, and (2) that in any multivariate predictive study, the maximum multiple correlation between tests and the criterion (in the case of tests items and the total score) is obtained when the variables are uncorrelated.

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