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Being Byzantine: Greek Identity Before the Ottomans, by Gill

By Gill

In 1204, the Byzantine Empire was once conquered via troops from western Europe ostensibly playing the Fourth campaign. This was once a highly major occasion for the topics of the Empire, noticeably changing the Byzantines' self-image and weakening their nation for the later clash with the Ottoman Turks. utilizing the idea of ethnicity - a relatively fresh software with reference to the pre-modern period - Gill web page presents clean perception into the overdue Byzantine interval, supplying a corrective to nationalistic interpretations of the interval of Frankish rule and extra widely to typically held assumptions of ethnic hostility within the interval. a scientific research of texts in Greek from the interval 1200-1420, from either ends of the social spectrum, is sponsored up by means of an in-depth examine of Frankish rule within the Peloponnese to bare the developments within the improvement of Byzantine identification lower than the impression of the Franks.

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The old system of militias raised in the various districts (known as themes) had died out under the Macedonians and the growth of the independently minded military aristocracy. Alexios thus needed to raise money to pay for mercenaries and he did this by confiscating the treasures of the churches in Constantinople. Alexios also bought himself the best navy available by concluding a highly generous trade treaty with the republic of Venice. With Venetian help by sea, the new mercenary army was able to repel the Normans from the Balkans.

In , the empire demonstrated its organisational capacity by instituting a mass arrest of all Venetians and the confiscation of their moveable  Magdalino b: –.  Lilie : . Byzantine identities  goods: it was an amazing administrative achievement and designed to demonstrate the power of the empire but, once again, it was an overambitious move that the empire could not back up and it inevitably alienated Venice. The crusade movement also continued to be a thorn in the flesh of the empire.

Smith : . Ethnic identity?  The undeniable association between ethnicity and history means that each must be considered in examining the other. In any study of an ethnicity it is important to analyse how the past is understood, for this subjective appreciation of the past (often encapsulated within tradition) will contribute to conditioning present actions and attitudes. , then, it may well be important to attempt to analyse how our subject group, or groups, perceived their past. We may return to modern Greece to illustrate this point.

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