By Larry Lohmann, Niclas Hällström, Olle Nordberg, Robert Österbergh
The most reason for international warming is quickly expanding carbon dioxide emissions basically the results of burning fossil fuels regardless of foreign agreements to lessen such emissions. the difficulty is that regardless of being conscious of the intense state of affairs, only a few decision-makers are able to take on the matter at its roots. rather than decreasing the extraction of fossil fuels and looking out for different recommendations, present carbon-trading guidelines, in perform, favour the extra exploitation of those fuels. moreover, new tree plantations, that are claimed as a way of mitigating the results of elevated carbon dioxide pollutants, frequently force humans out in their conventional dwelling grounds and break organic variety. This precise file types a part of the Dag Hammarskjöld starting place s What subsequent undertaking. It specializes in carbon buying and selling and is meant to persuade present weather politics. within the debate at the Kyoto Protocol few actors have expressed a severe view. it truly is excessive time, for the needs of discussion and policy-making, to place the highlight at the middle challenge fossil gasoline extraction and intake. This e-book, for this reason, takes a large examine a number of dimensions of carbon buying and selling. It analyses the issues coming up from the rising worldwide carbon marketplace relating the surroundings, social justice and human rights, and investigates weather mitigation choices. It presents a quick historical past of carbon buying and selling and discusses a couple of classes unlearned . 9 case experiences from diff erent components of the area supply examples of the results at the flooring of varied carbon off set schemes.
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Additional info for Carbon Trading - A Critical Conversation on Climate Change, Privatisation and Power
Southern elites are concerned about somewhat different questions. How can the climate crisis be prevented from being used as yet another excuse for pushing aside the long-thwarted claims of Southern countries to industrialisation and the world’s wealth? How might it be transformed into a source of political leverage? What are the best strategies for dealing with unanticipated catastrophes and enormously increased flows of environmental refugees? As with every new international development, all sides are eyeing each other cautiously, uncertain how the new conditions will affect their respective standings.
Viewed from another angle, the establishment of the IPCC was itself an admission of the difficulty of reconciling the climate problem with business as usual. And the very constraints inherent in having to pursue a highly centralised, self-censoring, compromise science meant that results indicating the reality of climate change – when they did come in from bodies such as the IPCC – were hard for the US and many large corporations to handle. So this particular US attempt to block or shape public awareness of climate change was double-edged.
But the anomaly was quickly forgotten. Journalists and environmentalists alike soon came to treat any criticism of the Kyoto Protocol not as directed against US-style ‘free market’ environmentalism but, ironically, as playing into the hands of US oil interests and as endorsing a do-nothing position. 75 Why was US pressure to turn the Kyoto Protocol into a set of market mechanisms so successful? There’s no simple answer. Almost certainly, many factors were involved. First, there is sheer force of numbers.