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Controlling People: The Paradoxical Nature of Being Human by Richard S. Marken, Timothy A. Carey

By Richard S. Marken, Timothy A. Carey

“We have to try for an international the place humans keep watch over what's very important to themselves whereas minimizing the controlling of others.”

We are all controlling humans. in truth our emotions of well being rely on staying up to the mark. simply as after we force a motor vehicle, we needs to remain on top of things in lifestyle with a purpose to preserve the issues we care approximately getting in the suitable path.

Yet this common controlling habit is typically the very cause we turn out wasting regulate. this occurs after we attempt to keep an eye on other folks in addition to after we attempt to keep watch over ourselves.

So how can we do better?

Based on Perceptual keep watch over conception (PCT), this exciting and enlightening e-book by means of psychologists Richard S. Marken and Timothy A. Carey explores the ambiguity of why we regularly lose keep watch over by means of attempting to be on top of things and why our controlling nature makes it tricky to prevent this self-defeating habit. They exhibit that knowing PCT opens the window to realizing and studying approximately ourselves as controlling humans and equips us to steer better and fulfilling lives.

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Additional resources for Controlling People: The Paradoxical Nature of Being Human

Sample text

In a cruise control system the effector converts the error signal into the rate at which the wheels are turning by adjusting the throttle position. The actions of the control system affect the controlled variable itself. The rate at which the wheels are turned affects the speed of the car. And so we come full circle. The variable the system controls — the controlled variable — is linked, via the sensor, to the perception which is linked, via the comparator, to the error 29 Controlling People: The Paradoxical Nature of Being Human signal which is linked, via the effector, to actions that are linked back to the controlled variable.

This happens because changes in the reference signal result in errors — discrepancies between the reference signal and the perception of the controlled variable — which are eliminated by the actions of the negative feedback loop. So the error reducing mechanism of the negative feedback loop keeps the perception of the controlled variable matching the reference signal, even if the reference signal is changing continuously. Indeed, the negative feedback loop is doing ‘double duty’ when the reference signal is changing because it is still acting to resist disturbances to the controlled variable.

Another piece of evidence is neurophysiological. The brain and spinal cord — the central nervous system (CNS) — seem to consist of a hierarchical arrangement of neural structures that could implement a hierarchical arrangement of control systems. The lowest level structures in the CNS are the sensory-motor neural connections in the spinal cord. These are the structures that implement the spinal reflexes that are involved in achieving low level behavioral goals, such as the goal of producing particular muscle forces.

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