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Cosmic Ray Astrophysics, 1st Edition by Professor Dr. Reinhard Schlickeiser (auth.)

By Professor Dr. Reinhard Schlickeiser (auth.)

This publication presents an exhaustive account of the foundation and dynamics of cosmic rays. Divided into 3 components, it first offers an updated precis of the observational facts, then -- within the following conception part -- offers with the kinetic description of cosmic ray plasma. The underlying diffusion-convection delivery equation, which governs the coupling among cosmic rays and the heritage plasma, is derived and analyzed intimately. within the 3rd half, a number of purposes of the strategies of the delivery equation are offered and the way key observations in cosmic ray physics may be accounted for is established. The purposes comprise cosmic ray modulation, acceleration close to surprise waves and the galactic propagation of cosmic rays. whereas the publication is essentially of curiosity to scientists operating on the vanguard of analysis, the very cautious derivations and factors make it compatible additionally as an creation to the sector of cosmic rays for graduate students.

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I ..... , , - ... '," .. / " , ....... :.. 'J' . ' , ('(~,. . '. :" ..... ' \ (/. ' ~ . _.. ~ ~. :.. . I" . 27 . , \ ' . ', • • " . • .. • t · . - -- -- . . Fig. 2. Cloud chamber photograph of cascade shower through several thicknesses of material from an incident proton of energy of the order 4 GeV. Reproduced from Hopper (1964 [231]) 28 3. } ................. _ .... .. \ .. Il Fe . __ / ~~~~~ --_.... , He ,.... P_ e- i Leptons e' \ :. . .. . ,~ Fe \ ~ pb. Pt Ü . ~l ,.. O CJ) ·--·· ..

A) The proton velo city (daily averages) measured by the solar wind plasma instrument; (h )-( f) count rates from the particle detectors. The averaging periods for (h )-( f) are, respectively, 2, 4, 3, and 15 days . Solid triangles indicate periods of major solar activity ; S indicates the time of strong plasma shock passage. From Pyle et al. (1984 [413]) 38 3. Direct Cosmic Ray Observations Here we concentratc on flare-associated events and the anomalous cosmic ray componcnt. 1 are not so weH established and some of them may represent a superposition of flare events.

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