By Temitope B. Oriola
Crude oil extraction within the Niger Delta area of Nigeria generates ninety six% of all international gains and eighty five% of nation sales, making it an important to the survival of the Nigerian kingdom. numerous generations of nation forget, corruption and mismanagement have ensured that the Delta area is likely one of the so much socio-economically and politically disadvantaged within the nation. by way of the past due Nineteen Nineties there has been a daunting proliferation of armed gangs and rebel teams. unlawful oil bunkering, pipeline vandalism, disruption of oil creation actions, riots, and demonstrations intensified and in 2003, insurgents all started kidnapping oil staff at a frenetic speed. In overdue 2005, an uber-insurgent circulate 'organization' used to be shaped in Nigeria. Christened the flow for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND), it operates as an amorphous, multifaceted amalgam of rebel teams with an extraordinary scientific precision in execution of intents. by way of focussing on kidnappings which are putatively attached to the fight for emancipating the Niger Delta, Oriola makes the case for analysing MEND as a social flow association, instead of a terrorist or felony gang through displaying how political procedures form kidnappings within the Delta. using violent repertoires of rivalry has now not garnered adequate awareness within the social flow literature, although that worldwide, many comparable teams are adopting violent strategies with out unavoidably eschewing non-violent concepts. in response to multi-actor learn, together with interviews and concentration crew discussions with group contributors, army specialists, forty two ex-insurgents without delay serious about unlawful oil bunkering and kidnapping, and legit e mail statements from 'Jomo Gbomo', the spokesperson of MEND, this ebook might be of curiosity to sociologists, political scientists and peace and safeguard stories students.
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Extra resources for Criminal Resistance?: The Politics of Kidnapping Oil Workers (Interdisciplinary Research Series in Ethnic, Gender and Clas)
G della Porta and Diani 1999). This is used to examine the rationale behind the adoption of various repertoires of protest. Specifically, the notion of contentious politics by Charles Tilly and his collaborators helps to inform an understanding of the dynamics of protest in the Delta and the political opportunity for kidnapping oil workers in the Niger Delta. Factors like inattention to earlier forms of protest, routinization of violence, constitutional reforms, and backfire on state repression, among others are analyzed as major contributors to the rise of kidnapping.
News of how well the “oyibos” (white people) live gets to community members through some of their family or community members who work for oil companies. The only problem has been that somehow community members were left out of the good life. Prior to the kidnapping episodes of the 2000s, foreign oil workers benefitted immensely from the normative articulation of race (see Li 2003) in Nigeria. The world was literally at their feet in a post-colonial social, physical and ideational space. While Nigeria did not have direct equivalents of the blatant “racial” issues in North America and Europe, vestiges of slavery, traces of colonialism and the remnants of the social and economic relations these historical moments engendered ensured that white oil workers received an unearned positive social value.
A dramaturgical approach helps to understand the “social construction and communication of meaning, including formulating roles and characterizations, managing performance regions, controlling 1 A version of this chapter was presented under the same title at the Canadian Sociological Association (CSA) Annual Conference (Congress of Humanities and Social Sciences) at St. Thomas University, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada, May 31 – June 4 2011. It was awarded the CSA “Best Student Paper” Prize in the Graduate category.