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Crude Existence: Environment and the Politics of Oil in by Kristin Reed

By Kristin Reed

After many years of civil conflict and instability, the African kingdom of Angola is experiencing a superb financial increase because of its most respected traditional source: oil. yet oil extraction--both on- and offshore--is a poisonous treatment for the country's fiscal ills, with devastating results on either the surroundings and conventional livelihoods. concentrating on the typical realities of individuals residing within the extraction zones, Kristin Reed explores the exclusion, degradation, and violence which are the culmination of petrocapitalism in Angola.

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Additional info for Crude Existence: Environment and the Politics of Oil in Northern Angola (Global, Area, and International Archive)

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Indeed, Paul Collier and Anke Hoeffler have likened gaining ownership of a natural resource to winning a lottery (2002), and Michael Watts likewise demonstrates how oil rents appear to materialize “out of thin air” rather than as the outcome of any work, contributing to “a sort of money fetishism” (1994:413). Angola pays tribute to this fetishism by imprinting the fifty kwanza bill with the image of an oil platform. 23 Producing Distortions Apart from the well-connected few who receive jobs and contracts in the oil industry, Angolans see few benefits from their country’s oil wealth though they suffer its distorting effects.

Transnational extractive corporations secure concessions in the diamond-rich Lunda provinces and new fields in Bié province through the government and operate alongside Angolan elites. 4 Despite nominal adherence to the Kimberley process—a system designed to restrict trade in “blood diamonds”—continuing violence in the Lunda provinces mars the brilliance of Angola’s exported gems. ). If the extraction of diamonds engenders a similar suite of violent, exclusionary, and degrading processes, why focus on oil?

The visits were enjoyable but time-consuming. And with Soyo’s villagers, establishing trust also took time; initially they were shy and suspicious but revealed warm and welcoming personalities after a few visits. ” and teasingly inquired how my manioc crop was coming along. Geographic and language barriers also presented difficulties in Soyo. I am grateful to friends in Soyo who brokered my first contacts and provided a Kisolongo translator for interviews with locals who did not speak Portuguese, particularly elders.

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