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Culture and Customs of the Sioux Indians by Gregory O. Gagnon

By Gregory O. Gagnon

Although a few features of Sioux heritage corresponding to the conflict of the Little huge Horn and the bloodbath at Wounded Knee are incorporated in American heritage texts, in addition to point out of well-known Sioux leaders akin to Sitting Bull and loopy Horse, little awareness is paid to the evolution of Sioux historical past and tradition from their beginnings to the present. 

The Sioux are a local American those that stay in reservations and groups in Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North and South Dakota, Wisconsin, and Canada. in keeping with U.S. Census record facts, over 150,000 members determine themselves as Sioux—more than the other tribe along with Cherokee, Navajo, Latin American Indian, and Choctaw.


Culture and Customs of the Sioux Indians offers an image of conventional Sioux tradition and heritage. It indicates how the Sioux of this present day merge conventional customs and ideology that experience survived their tumultuous historical past with modern the USA. themes comprise the improvement of the Sioux tribe, conflicts and wars with the U.S., faith, financial system, gender roles, life, arts, delicacies, schooling, social customs, and lots more and plenty more.

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Additional resources for Culture and Customs of the Sioux Indians

Example text

Parenthetically the plains Sioux made a lot of enemies. The Americans won their war of independence from the British and acquired title to the land east of the Mississippi, excluding Canada. Then, the United States purchased French title over the Louisiana Territory in 1803. This title gave the United States the exclusive right to interact with the Indian tribes within their new borders. Indian titles would have to be acquired through direct negotiations with the tribes. President Jefferson sent Lieutenant Zebulon Pike and others to explore the land added to the United States through the Louisiana Purchase.

Expansion following the expulsion of the French and British required responses from each of the Sioux subdivisions. The fur trade became a dominant facet of Sioux economies. The Dakota and Yankton focused on beaver and luxury furs, and the Teton-Lakota brought piles of buffalo hides to the fur trade posts in the plains. As the century progressed, American determination to control and to expand its occupation of the continent lead to treaties of cession, war, and the creation of reservations for all of the Sioux by 1881.

Sioux Expansion Period (ca. 1650s–1800). The various Sioux subdivisions solidified their boundaries and continued developing distinctive cultures. Chippewa and European merchants introduced manufactured goods and stimulated the beginnings of Sioux fur trade in the 1680s. Horses became the underpinning of the transformation of the Tetons and Yanktons into plains horse cultures. Guns altered balances of power for all of the Sioux. Introduced diseases altered Sioux life as well. By the end of the period, most of the Sioux were still not directly involved with European expansion or wars as were eastern Indians.

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